Periodontal diseases are inflammatory diseases that affect the gums and other tissues that support the teeth. Prevention or treatment of gum disease is very important for the protection of natural teeth, for more comfortable chewing, better digestion and to prevent premature loss of one's own teeth.
The most important cause of gum disease is a sticky colorless layer that accumulates on the teeth called bacterial dental plaque. Removing dental plaque with daily brushing and flossing is a basic requirement for a healthy mouth. If plaque is not effectively removed from the teeth, it solidifies into calculus or tartar. If tartar is not removed, it can cause early caries, gum problems, advanced infections around the tooth root and early tooth loss, as there are areas where bacteria can hold on much more easily.
Symptoms of gum disease are as follows:
- Bad breath
- Receding gums or loose teeth due to recession
- Bleeding gums or bleeding when brushing
- Sensitivity to heat and cold
- Gum growths
- Color changes in the gums
In case of these symptoms, you should see your dentist. In addition, if there are no symptoms, you should visit your dentist periodically for examination. Early diagnosis is very critical to keep your teeth in your mouth for many years.